Sheldon concludes with a sound analysis of the lessons drawn from the experience on the somme, drawing on the frank reports of senior german officers and sheldon's own views as an experienced infantry officer, all of which add credibility to the final deductions. The battle of the somme, fought in northern france, was one of the bloodiest of world war one for five months the british and french armies fought the germans in a brutal battle of attrition on a. It was such a success that the germans changed their tactics and broke the allied lines in 1918 it was claimed a success as nobody wanted the responsibility for the absolute and insane failure it was 88 days of continuous attack to have the front moving a few miles.
The somme is a sobering reflection on and analysis of the epic world war one battle from the british perspective readers wishing to know of the german reaction and the french contributions during the somme battle will only find passing allusions to their parts. Much has been written about the battle of the somme and it has long lain at the heart of controversy to many the battle of the somme represents tragedy and futility according to this analysis, the somme was a disaster from start to finish in which many innocent lives were lost due to the stupid. This lesson is part of sow for year 8 on ww1 it can be adapted up to year 9 it looks at that battle of the somme with the use of sources from actual soldiers and sir douglas haig.
The battle of amiens, which started on august 8 th 1918, proved to be the most decisive battle against the germans on the western front the battle of amiens was the first to incorporate an all-armed co-ordinated attack, bringing together artillery, tanks, infantry and aircraft. The battle of the somme was designed to relieve the pressure on the french suffering at verdun the british army at the somme consisted mainly of kitchener recruits most had received only minimal training and many had still to grasp the skill of shooting accurately. The first day of the battle of the somme, in northern france, was the bloodiest day in the history of the british army and one of the most infamous days of world war one on 1 july 1916, the. Best answer: the somme campaign originated from a conference at french military headquarters in chantilly in december 1915 the plan called for an assault by the allies on 3 sides, the italians from the south, the russians from the east, and a combined british-french assault from the west. The battle of the somme as a battle of failure ----- the failure of the generals know how to win the war meant that it was going to be slogged out and made the battle.
Before the somme the supreme punishment in the australian forces was to be sent home in disgrace henceforth imprisonment had to be introduced in october there were cases of desertion to the enemy among british troops, and the germans had even been informed of an oncoming attack. In order to assess if the battle of the somme was futile or necessary several significant factors need to be critically analysed, including the tactics used at the time, how effective the leadership was, the consequences of the battle, and if it was truly a victory or a failure. The battle of the somme (french: bataille de la somme, german: schlacht an der somme), also known as the somme offensive, was a battle of the first world war fought by the armies of the british empire and france against the german empire. Source analysis: why was the battle of the somme a disaster read sources 1-16 and make a note of any reasons for the failure of the battle of the. Why was the battle of the somme a failure essays and research papers search battle of the somme battle of the somme the battle of the somme took place in 1916 but.
Published: tue, 06 jun 2017 the issue of douglas haig's role as a general on the western front, during the battle of the somme in 1916, has been thoroughly questioned by many historians to date. The battle of the somme took place during the first world war between july 1 and november 18, 1916 on both sides of the river somme in northern france the german army managed to maintain much of. The battle of the somme (us title, kitchener's great army in the battle of the somme), is a 1916 british documentary and propaganda war film, shot by two official cinematographers, geoffrey malins and john mcdowell. The somme covers the events surrounding 1916's battle of the somme with a renewed look at the evidence, in some cases reviewing previously held beliefs and claims about events in doing so, the book presents a very large amount of detail. The somme campaign in 1916 was the first great offensive of world war i for the british, and it produced a more critical british attitude toward the war during and after the somme, the british.
The battle of the somme or the somme offensive was a series of battles that occurred during the summer and autumn of 1916 it involved british and french forces launching a massive assault on the german lines in an effort to break the stalemate on the western front. An analysis of general douglas haig's deployment of tanks in the battle of the somme, 1916 in 1916, the industry of britain forged a new weapon that promised to overcome trench warfare. The battle of the somme opened on july 1, 1916, when a quarter of a million british and french troops attacked german lines along a 30-mile front straddling the river somme in northern france. The somme offensive was considered to be a failure because in a cost-benefit analysis, while the allies did manage to achieve some success, they suffered terrible casualties, and the offensive did not achieve its goals of breaking the stalemate on the western front.
On the 1st july 1916 the british army went into the battle of the somme the battle ended on november 18th of the same year the allied forces tried to break through the german defences and by the end of the battle they had gained about six miles. Another controversy about the battle of the somme is whether the british commanders were to blame for the heavy losses because they were incompetent the main accusations are usually directed at the british commander-in-chief, general sir douglas haig.