A literature review can be a precursor to the introduction of a research paper, or it can be an entire paper in itself, acting as the first stage of large research projects and allowing the supervisor to ascertain that the student is on the correct path. A literature review is the effective evaluation of selected documents on a research topic a review may form an essential part of the research process or may constitute a research project in itself. A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis a summary is a recap of the. Often, the literature review will end with a statement of the research question(s) having a lot of literature to report on can feel overwhelming it is important to keep the focus on your study, rather than on the literature (wellington 2005. A literature review may consist of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories a summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or.
The literature review is a written overview of major writings and other sources on a selected topic sources covered in the review may include scholarly journal articles, books, government reports, web sites, etc. A literature review is a written approach to examining published information on a particular topic or field authors use this review of literature to create a foundation and justification for their research or to demonstrate knowledge on the current state of a field. If the review was written to stand alone, as is the case of a term paper or a review article for publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction.
1 introduction not to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources (eg dissertations, conference proceedings) relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of each work. A literature review is a critical analysis of published sources, or literature, on a particular topic it is an assessment of the literature and provides a summary, classification, comparison and evaluation. What is a review of literature the format of a review of literature may vary from discipline to discipline and from assignment to assignment a review may be a self-contained unit -- an end in itself -- or a preface to and rationale for engaging in primary research a review is a required part of. A literature review or narrative review is a type of review article a literature review is a scholarly paper , which includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic.
The literature of a literature review refers to any collection of materials on a topic, not necessarily the great literary texts of the world literature could be anything from a set of government pamphlets on british colonial methods in africa to scholarly articles on the treatment of a torn acl. A literature review is a review of various pieces of literature on one topic, ranging from series of books to shorter pieces like pamphlets sometimes, the literary review is a part of a larger research paper. Sample apa papers: literature review this section offers a sample literature review, written by an undergraduate psychology student at purdue university. Writing a short literature review william ashton, phd york college, cuny a student began a short literature review on the stigma of the mentally ill and. Literature review definition as this is a less common type of academic writing, students often ask: what is a literature review according to the definition, this is a body of work that explores various publications within a specific subject area and sometimes within a set timeframe.
A review of the literature (rol aka lit review) is a process of researching your topic or phenomenon of interest to find out what is known, and therefore, what is unknown. As you read, you'll encounter various ideas, disagreements, methods, and perspectives which can be hard to organize in a meaningful way a synthesis matrix helps you record the main points of each source and document how sources relate to each other. In a stand-alone literature review, this statement will sum up and evaluate the state of the art in this ﬁeld of research in a review that is an introduction or preparatory to a thesis or research report, it will suggest how the review ﬁndings will lead to the research the writer proposes to undertake. Have an exemplary literature review have you written a stellar literature review you care to share for teaching purposes are you an instructor who has received an exemplary literature review and have permission from the student to post.
Pubmed comprises more than 26 million citations for biomedical literature from medline, life science journals, and online books citations may include links to full-text content from pubmed central and publisher web sites. A literature review is a piece of discursive prose, not a list describing or summarizing one piece of literature after another it's usually a bad sign to see every paragraph beginning with the name of a researcher. Writing a literature review as an academic writer, you are expected to provide an analytical overview of the significant literature published on your topic if your audience knows less than you do on the topic, your purpose is instructional. A literature review is a search and evaluation of the available literature in your given subject or chosen topic area it documents the state of the art with respect to the subject or topic you are writing about.